Vitiligo is a chronic skin condition characterized by the development of white patches on the skin.
Vitiligo Facts and Figures
This is the most common type of vitiligo and results in white patches appearing on both sides of the body. Usually, it starts near the hands, around the eyes or mouth, on the feet, or in an area of the body where the skin rubs together frequently.
Segmental vitiligo (Unilateral vitiligo):
This type of vitiligo usually starts when a person is young. It generally progresses for a year or so before it stops. Segmental vitiligo appears in one area of the body, such as on one leg or one arm. In about 50 % of cases, it’s accompanied by color changes in the hair, eyebrows, or eyelashes.
The appearance of small white patches on the skin
According to modern science, Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder that is triggered by many external as well as internal factors.
Some of the internal causes are as follows-
Some of the external causes are-
Medical treatment consists of Allopathic, Ayurvedic, and other complementary medicines which include both internal as well as external medicines.
Phototherapy means the use of Ultraviolet rays to aid the process of repigmentation. This involves PUVA Therapy and nb-UVB therapy.
Excimer laser delivers targeted, high-dose, monochromatic therapeutic light with a wavelength of 308nm directly to the affected tissue without exposing healthy skin.
Medical treatments are not successful in all cases of Vitiligo hence transplantation of autologous melanocytes on vitiligo spots is gaining popularity
Micro-pigmentation or medical tattooing is the process of injecting artificial color into the white patches with an electrically driven needle.
Concealers are temporary powders that last one to two days and can be used for socially visible events as per the patient's need.
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